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32 Product Administration Interview Questions & Reply


A fast search on LinkedIn will inform you that there are greater than two million individuals with the title “product supervisor”. Glassdoor has put the product supervisor job of their high 10 of the perfect jobs record within the U.S. and the U.Ok. for 2022. On the similar time, 43% of corporations are planning on hiring extra product managers.

Because of the reputation and the complexity of the position, hiring product managers may be very difficult. Most hiring processes contain interviewing a various group of candidates with completely different experiences and backgrounds.

Asking the appropriate questions through the interview helps you perceive how they assume and the way they’ll react in particular day-to-day conditions.

Key takeaways

  • Background/expertise questions present the candidate with the chance to speak about their background, {qualifications}, and why they’re within the position.
  • Technical know-how questions consider the candidate’s understanding of the know-how and their capability to speak advanced concepts.
  • Strategic considering questions cope with the why, how, and what of a product.
  • Analytical competency questions are designed to assist the interviewer see how the candidate approaches day-to-day issues.
  • Execution questions assist the interviewer perceive how the candidate identifies and prioritizes alternatives for the product(s).
  • Management and workforce administration questions are requested to see how the candidate demonstrates management abilities and potential.

Why are product supervisor interview questions so vital?

Going into the interview unprepared is unhealthy each for the interviewer and the candidate. Whereas some interviewers can get an excellent sense of the particular person they’re interviewing, it’s virtually not possible to foretell how they’ll function day-to-day from only a dialog.

That’s why each interview should cowl all the details within the type of questions. Listed below are all the details grouped into classes:

  • Background/expertise
  • Technical know-how
  • Strategic considering
  • Analytical competency
  • Execution
  • Management and workforce administration

Methods & examples for background questions

The aim of background questions is to make the candidate really feel comfy whereas additionally offering them with the prospect to introduce themselves and speak about their background, {qualifications}, and why they’re within the specific position.

These questions needs to be simple to reply, because the interviewer is asking the candidate issues that they already know.

Instance query: Why would you like this job?

Within the e-book “Cracking the PM Interview,” the authors counsel that the candidates reply the query by highlighting their expertise, mentioning not less than one particular accomplishment, and what attracted them to this job.

For instance: “I’ve been working as a product supervisor for the previous 4 years. Throughout that point, I efficiently drove two new product launches. I’m seeking to broaden my ability set and tackle new challenges. I like how your organization focuses on merchandise which are serving to construct a extra sustainable future.”

Listed below are another background/expertise questions and prompts you need to use:

  • Stroll us by way of your resume.
  • Inform us about your self.
  • Why excites you about product administration?
  • The place do you see your self in 5 years?
  • Why would you like this job?

Methods & examples for technical questions

Technical know-how questions ask the candidate to elucidate sure technical ideas in a easy, comprehensible language. The objective of those questions is to judge the candidate’s understanding of the basics of know-how and their capability to speak advanced concepts to the workforce.

Instance query: How would you clarify how APIs work to your grandparents?

A good way to reply a query like that is with an analogy: “If I needed to clarify how APIs work to my grandparents, I’d use a marriage analogy. For instance, the couple requests a sure kind of meals that falls inside a finances. It is going to be the job of the marriage planner to search for and talk with varied caterers and rent the one that’s keen to cater the meals on the proper worth. On this state of affairs, the occasion organizer acts as an API and performs a number of duties like speaking with a number of entities, acquiring the wanted knowledge, and getting the job achieved.”

Listed below are another technical know-how questions you’ll be able to ask:

  • How would you clarify Google Cloud to your uncle?
  • What applied sciences would you employ to construct a dwell stream video service?
  • How would you retailer giant pictures in a database?
  • How would you write a program to randomly shuffle an array of numbers?
  • How would you absorb an unsorted array with duplicates and return it with no duplicates?

Methods & examples for strategic considering questions

Strategic considering questions cope with the why, how, and what of a product. They’re open-ended and haven’t any proper or mistaken reply.

Questions similar to, “What ought to firm X do subsequent?”; “Why ought to firm X purchase firm Y”; and “Ought to firm X enter a brand new market?” all qualify as strategic questions.

Instance query: Fb purchased Instagram for a few billion {dollars} even when it wasn’t making any cash. What do you assume was the rationale?

Product supervisor interview questions like this are designed to pressure the candidate to take a look at the general image, do some deep considering, and give you a logical reply. A great way for the candidate to reply is by tying the product to the strategic imaginative and prescient.

For instance, a robust reply may be: “Fb was already the world’s high social platform, however Instagram had captured a unique area of interest in social media based mostly on pictures. It was beginning to acquire influencers at a fast price. Fb noticed the shopping for of Instagram as a method to defend its flank and improve its portfolio. Ultimately, it turned out to be a fantastic determination. Immediately, Instagram is the third hottest social media platform. Fb additionally utilized the identical logic once they tried to buy Musical.ly, which finally developed into TikTok.”

Among the different strategic considering questions you’ll be able to ask embrace:

  • How would you promote vegetation at Amazon?
  • How would you monetize Fb Messenger in all markets?
  • What product would you remove for those who had been the CEO of Apple?
  • In your opinion, why did Microsoft purchase LinkedIn?

Methods & examples for analytical competency questions

Analytical competency questions take a look at the candidate’s analytical method. They’re designed to assist the interviewer see how the candidate thinks and the way they method day-to-day issues.

Instance Query: What’s your favourite web site and the way would you enhance it?

In product administration, typically it’s greatest to observe frameworks. The candidate can clarify why they assume one thing wants enchancment and the way they might do it.

This query may be answered by following these 4 steps:

  1. Present a construction, similar to discussing a logical development from targets to options to implementation to analysis.
  2. Think about the wants of customers and clients.
  3. Determine the weak factors.
  4. Point out your concepts for enchancment.

An excellent reply to this query is one thing similar to:

“Don’t chuckle, however my favourite web site is [the name of your favorite PM-related website]. They’ve nice content material with suggestions and tips of the commerce from consultants. One factor that’s lacking although is a method to join with different product managers. I might counsel they discover a method to facilitate feedback and construct a neighborhood to extend engagement and allow us to all study from one another. If that was a hit, they may even provide a premier tier with direct entry to high product managers or month-to-month meet-ups to generate extra income.”

Different typical analytical competency questions are:

  • How would you enhance Netflix?
  • How would you improve the adoption of high-speed web in rural areas?
  • Let’s say you had been charged with growing a brand new product for Amazon. What metrics would you employ to measure success?
  • How do you resolve what’s the proper worth for a product?

Methods & examples for execution questions

The objective of execution questions within the product supervisor interview is to divulge to the interviewer how the candidate identifies and prioritizes alternatives for the merchandise. These questions are requested to learn how the candidate makes use of their sources, develops roadmaps and KPIs, and the way they will use knowledge to construct higher experiences.

Instance query: Ought to Fb require customers to add a profile photograph at join and the way would you make that call?

Observe that this can be a query Fb has used for interviewing product managers:

When answering this and different comparable execution questions, the candidate can take into consideration using the GAME framework:

  • G = Objectives
  • A = Actions
  • M = Metrics
  • E = Evaluations

One of many methods to reply this query is by following the framework and highlighting the worth of A/B assessments: “Requiring customers to add a profile pic would possibly assist stop pretend accounts, but it surely may additionally damage consumer acquisition. You’d have to run some experiments to seek out out. I’d counsel an A/B take a look at asking randomized consumer teams to add pictures at onboarding. You may then evaluate activation charges from the management group to others as a complete. If activation doesn’t undergo, you’d wish to transfer ahead. If it prevented new customers from becoming a member of, we’d want to return and refine the thought additional and take a look at once more.”

Different kinds of execution questions the interview can embrace are:

  • How do you go about lowering the quantity of pleasant fraud on our ecommerce web site?
  • The variety of deserted buying carts immediately spiked. What do you do?
  • You’ve been named the product supervisor for Fb’s newsfeed. How do you rank posts?

Methods & examples for management questions

The success of a product supervisor will more than likely be pushed by their capability to steer a workforce and assist them do their greatest work. When making ready product supervisor interview questions, ensure you ask the candidate for some particular examples to see how they’ve demonstrated management.

Instance Query: Consider a time once you needed to work with individuals who didn’t report back to you and so they disagreed together with your route. How did you deal with the battle?

This query isn’t actually about what the candidate did, however how they acted in a particular destructive state of affairs. A good way to reply that is by describing the state of affairs and the way the candidate navigated by way of it. For instance:

“Once we went to the gross sales and advertising workforce with a product, they had been vehemently against the urged promoting worth. They believed it was priced too excessive for the market, particularly given our competitor’s choices. So, we pulled collectively the important thing stakeholders and requested them to assist the product workforce prioritize characteristic units. We then took the record to a spotlight group of our clients and in contrast the solutions. As soon as we had the data, we obtained again collectively to debate it. It turned out we may pare again on a number of options to satisfy the worth level and make our clients pleased.”

This reply each demonstrates the flexibility to barter and resolve battle productively but in addition reveals a willingness to hear and adapt for the higher good.

Different kinds of management questions would possibly embrace:

  • How do you handle workforce battle?
  • How do you create an inclusive and equitable surroundings?
  • One in every of your workforce members gained’t converse up in conferences, what do you do?
  • How do you get your workforce transferring once they’re caught?
  • How do you resolve to delegate?

Professional suggestions and sources for acing the product administration interview

The higher you put together for the interviews, the higher your likelihood is for acing the interview — regardless of if you’re the interviewer or the candidate. If in case you have the time, think about holding mock interviews with colleagues or different product managers.

When you’re on the lookout for extra suggestions and insights, take a look at these previous interviewers from knowledgeable product managers:

And for those who’re seeking to construct nice merchandise and allow your workforce to create higher buyer experiences, make sure to discover the free model of Amplitude at present.


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